среда, 19 ноября 2014 г.

Languages, population, administrative division
Use of English
B4 – B10
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According to the Constitution Buryatia has 2 state languages - Russian and Buryat. The Buryat – are Mongolian people. Their (B4 NATURE) language – Buryat. It belongs to the Mongolian language. There are dialects: Western, Eastern and Southern, which are not very different from each other. Until 1930   Buryats had Oldmongolian, vertical letter. After the 1930's they (B5 WRITE) in Latin letters.
Worldwide there are about 6 thousand languages. According to UNESCO every year 25 languages and dialects die. If the processes (B6 CONTINUE) at the same way, in 100 years, according to forecasts linguists half the current languages will disappear. If 2 thousand years ago, a powerful expansion of Latin (B7 CONTRIBUTE) to the disappearance of many languages of Europe, but now the role of the "objective assassin" (B8 PLAY) the English language. The Internet and electronic media amplify this effect; therefore, the loss of native languages of small peoples continues much faster than two millennia ago. This also applies to the Buryat language. Now people (B9 FIGHT) for the preservation of it. We hope that the language (B10 STUDY).
В11 – В16
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On the territory of Buryatia, before (B11 TURN) region to the Russian state, there were (B12 NUMER) Eastern Buryats (Khorin people), Tungus and Mongolian tribes. The birthplace of Temuchzhyn (Genghis Khan) is located between the lake and the river Onon. By the nineteenth century, part of the Western Buryats, who lived in West of Lake Baikal, moved to the Eastern shore of Lake Baikal.
The Russian population of Buryatia appeared in the mid-seventeenth century, the time of (B13 ARRIVE) of the (B14 ONE) Cossack detachments and free people. They have brought the new forms of agriculture and life and have adapted them to local (B15 CLIMATE) conditions.
The Evenki anciently lived near Lake Baikal and (B16 CONSTANT) wandered, they said: "they are everywhere and nowhere". Evenki were recognized as one of the indigenous people of the North.
А22 – А28
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Currently Buryatia is divided (A22) 21 municipal and 2 urban districts. The capital is Ulan-Ude.
Ulan-Ude is the capital of Buryatia. It was (A23) in 1666 by Russian Cossacks. At present it is a big modern city 220 km east of Irkutsk with 360 000 people living in it. Verkhneudinsk (the old name of the city before 1934) was on the old Silk Road to the east and developed as a trading post in gold, silk and chinaware.
There are two rivers in the city: the Selenga and the Uda, which split a multitude of channels (A24) a number of picturesque green islands. The most famous one is Komsomolsk island. There are a lot of picnic places there.
The climate is good. But sometimes snowstorms (A25) the life of the city in winter, particularly the transport and the heating system. Drinking water is good in the city.
Ulan-Ude is a cultural centre. It is famous (A26) its theatres.
There are 5 higher establishments in the city:
•          Buryat State University,
•          East Siberian State Technological University,
•          East Siberian State Academy of Culture and Arts,
•          An Agricultural Academy and
•          Research Institute.
Besides them there are medical and dance schools, creative unions of writers, painters, composers and journalists.
There are 3 districts in the city: Sovetsky, Oktyabrsky and Zheleznodorozhny.
Sovetsky district has (A27) a business and cultural centre of the city. Zheleznodorozhny is a workers district. And Oktyabrsky is mainly a residential part of Ulan-Ude.
Soviet square is one of the finest open places in Ulan-Ude. It is the oldest centre of the city with its Opera and Ballet House, the movie theater "Progress", the building of the central post office and the hotels "Baikal" and "Buryatia".
A monument to the soldiers of the Second World War was opened with T-34 preserved as a reminder of the war. The main memorial is a place where newlyweds lay flowers on their wedding day. About 90000 people from Buryatia served in the war and 34 of them received the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Streets and squares are named (A 28) them.
Ulan-Ude and its people are hospitable and friendly.
(The text is taken from materials of Medwedev S.P. “Sunny Buryatia”)
A22 1) of   2) in  3) into 4) to
A23 1) founded   2) loaded.  3) removed  4) performed
A 24  1) build  2) to build  3) to form  4) form
A 25  1) complicate  2) create  3) make  4) raise
A 26  1) in  2) on  3) for  4) by
A 27  1) become  2) sold  3) bought  4) purchase
A 28  1) in  2) for  3) after  4) above
По окончании выполнения заданий раздела 1 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ



А15 – А21

Use of English















продолжение 1 раздела

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